Mongolia is a landlocked country located in East Asia, bordered by China to the south and Russia to the north. It is known for its stunning natural landscapes, including vast deserts, rugged mountains, and grassy steppes. Here are some of the things to know about Mongolia:
How to go to Mongolia:
By Air: The primary international airport in Mongolia is Chinggis Khaan International Airport in Ulaanbaatar, the capital city. Several airlines operate flights to and from the airport, including MIAT Mongolian Airlines, Turkish Airlines, and Air China.
By Train: There are train services available from Moscow and Beijing to Ulaanbaatar. The Trans-Mongolian Railway is a popular route for travelers.
By Road: You can also enter Mongolia by road from China or Russia. However, the roads are often rough and not well-maintained.
Places to eat in Mongolia:
Khorkhog: This is a traditional Mongolian dish made with lamb, potatoes, carrots, and onions, cooked over hot stones. It is a must-try for meat lovers.
Buuz: This is a steamed dumpling filled with minced meat, onions, and sometimes vegetables. It is a popular snack in Mongolia.
Khuushuur: This is a fried meat pastry that is similar to buuz but larger in size and flattened.
Mongolian barbecue: This is a type of stir-fry that is cooked on a large, circular grill. You can choose from a variety of meats and vegetables to create your own dish.
Language: The official language of Mongolia is Mongolian, which uses the Cyrillic alphabet. English is not widely spoken, especially outside of Ulaanbaatar.
Currency: The currency used in Mongolia is the Mongolian Tugrik (MNT).
Culture: Mongolia has a rich cultural heritage, with traditional music, dance, and art forms. The country is also known for its nomadic lifestyle and horse culture.
Places to see in Mongolia:
Gobi Desert: The Gobi Desert is one of the most unique and diverse ecosystems in the world, with sand dunes, rocky outcrops, and oases.
Lake Khovsgol: This is a stunning freshwater lake that is surrounded by mountains and forests. It is a popular destination for hiking, fishing, and camping.
Erdene Zuu Monastery: This is the oldest Buddhist monastery in Mongolia, built in the 16th century.
Terelj National Park: This is a beautiful national park located just outside of Ulaanbaatar, with stunning scenery, hiking trails, and opportunities for horseback riding.
Things to do in Mongolia:
Horseback riding: Mongolia is known for its horse culture, and there are many opportunities for horseback riding tours throughout the country.
Camel riding: Camel riding is another popular activity, particularly in the Gobi Desert.
Eagle hunting: Eagle hunting is a traditional sport in Mongolia, and there are opportunities to watch demonstrations or even participate in the sport yourself.
Ger camping: Staying in a traditional Mongolian ger, or yurt, is a unique experience that allows you to experience the nomadic lifestyle.
Shopping in Mongolia:
Cashmere: Mongolia is known for its high-quality cashmere products, including scarves, sweaters, and blankets.
Souvenirs: There are many souvenir shops in Ulaanbaatar that sell traditional Mongolian items, such as horsehair ornaments, felt slippers, and traditional clothing.
Local markets: Local markets are a great place to buy fresh produce, meat, and other everyday items. They can also be a great place to